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各位IT界朋友:

借鑑南韓資科政策 戲仿豁免保障創作

上星期,我與家人到韓國旅行,順道拜訪負責資訊科技事務的南韓官員取經,還參加了第四屆的亞太互聯網管治論壇。

大家都知道韓國已經是資訊科技大國之一,原來對資訊科技的形象推廣也是不遺餘力,最近更成立了『科學、信息和通信技術及未來規劃部』。

我在酒店收看當地電視時,發現原來有一個IT頻道,不斷播放資訊科技方面的最新資訊,例如手機發佈會、最新科技產品等,有趣的是其中一個節目以美女配「宅男」做節目主播,增加IT界的『吸引力』。加上,從當地官員口中得知,韓國計劃以『發掘下一個蓋茨』為目標在全國大學和中學舉辦IT選秀賽,鼓勵學生提出創新意念,而最後脫穎而出的十名IT新秀,將會得到可觀的獎金,資助他們實踐計劃而進修、研究或創業,向IT改變世界的夢想進發。

在政策上,韓國政府大力支持業界,例如在採購政策上若干金額以下的政府IT外判項目,只接受三百名員工以下的公司競投,培育本地中小企的能力;在科研方面,政府的資助模式盡量容許研究機構自由運用資源,而且可以保留研發成果的知識產權,鼓勵業界發展和累積更多科研經驗。這些都是從政策層面扶植IT產業值得借鑒的經驗,亦顯示出我們需要成立科技局以宏觀方式整合IT產業政策。

話題一轉,容我推介活動。政府正就「在版權制度下處理戲仿作品」諮詢公眾,網民普遍擔心即使版權條例加入戲仿豁免條文仍有機會因改圖、改歌等極為普遍的行為而誤墮法網甚至負上刑責。在保護網上二次創作權利和阻止大規模侵犯版權之間,如何取得平衡?有沒有其他可考慮的方案?

我將於 2013 年 9 月 14 日 (本週六) 下午舉辦保護二次創作權利!戲仿豁免研討會,提供公開平台供資訊科技界及公眾人士參與,協助找出可保障各方觀點和訴求的平衡。活動歡迎各界關心戲仿事宜的朋友出席,探討戲仿豁免諮詢方案並交流意見,請即按此網上登記。

 

Charles Mok
莫乃光

 

晴報專欄—IT天下
八月二十九日:推銷電話見招拆招
八月三十日:告別《晴報》讀者!

資本壹週專欄—立會珠璣
八月二十九日:IT業界前景與專業認證的討論
九月五日:知識產權化的營商挑戰

meeting with ICT related officials
拜訪韓國資訊科技相關官員。
Meeting with ICT related officials in South Korea.


Dear IT friends,

Learn from South Korean ICT policy ; Protecting creativity by Parody Exemption

Last week, I visited South Korea and met with local government officials for IT development, and participated in the fourth Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF).

As we all know, South Korea is already one of the ICT giants in the world. Promoting a positive image for ICT is also an area that a lot of efforts are spent. Recently, its government even established a new Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning. 

When I was flipping TV channels in the hotel, I found a Channel IT dedicated to ICT news and digital entertainment shows, including showing off the latest tech gadgets, with attractive looking hosts to make ICT more "hip." The government will also organize a national contest for university and secondary school students to find "Korea's next Bill Gates," with the top ten finishing students to be awarded a considerable grant to pursue his or her ICT studies and dreams!

South Korea also offers great support to the ICT industry in, for instance, lowering the barriers on government outsourcing projects, such that projects under a certain amount will be offered exclusively for tender by SMEs of under 300 employees. Government R&D fundings are also flexible such that private companies can preserve the intellectual property resulting from government-sponsored research. These are all good policy references, pointing to us the need for having our Technology Bureau in Hong Kong.

Switching to another topic, the government is currently consulting the public on the treatment of parody under the copyright regime. Netizens are worried that common derivatives or secondary creation works online may be breaching the law, even after certain exemption on parody is applied in the new law. How do we balance the right to such secondary creation works with copyright protection? What are the alternatives? My office will host a "Protection of Parody under the Copyright Law" discussion forum on September 14 (this Saturday), in Cantonese. Please join us and express your views, by clicking here to register online. Thank you!     

 

Charles Mok
Charles Mok

 

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