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2018.10.10 莫乃光議員回應施政報告創科政策:280億遠水撐創科 缺乏支援本地科技人才
2018-10-10

 

莫乃光議員回應施政報告創科政策:280億遠水撐創科 缺乏支援本地科技人才 | Charles Mok’s response to the 2018 Policy Address
2018-10-10

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2018施政報告280億遠水撐創科:
莫乃光:缺乏支援本地科技人才



(2018年10月10日,香港) 繼去年提出推動創新科技的八大方向,行政長官林鄭月娥今日日發表任內第二份《施政報告》,表示投放280億元創科方面工作。立法會資訊科技界議員莫乃光表示去年特首提出八大方向之中有一半仍進展緩慢。今年政府投放的200多億元大多用於長遠投資科研和再工業化,遠水不能救近火,對於前線從業員和科技企業的幫助甚少。

莫乃光議員回應《2018施政報告》時表示,今次行政長官在推動智慧城市、開放數據及使用本地業界和初企產品和服務方面有採納他的建議,然而業界一直要求增加在職進修支援、提升本地科技人才水平、增加STEM及科普教育資源、檢討不合時宜的法例「拆牆鬆綁」等,進度仍然嚴重落後,令人失望。

過去一年,政府陸續推出輸入外地科技人才、科技專才培育計劃、中小企科技券和創投基金、科研基建及增加科技研發的資源等政策。然而除了增加5億推動政府內部應用科技和撥款5億元舉辦城市創科大挑戰較為『落地』,推動數碼轉型方面實際支援仍不足,莫議員期望政府在財政預算案中有所回應。

智慧城市和創科普及應用方面,有幾個建議獲採納成為新措施,莫議員回應如下:

  1. 撥款5億元舉辦【城市創科大挑戰】,邀請社會各界就民生議題提出創科解決方案,獲選方案可獲獎金及公營機構試用,莫議員認為有助提升業界和社會參與,唯過程和評審須透明公平。

  2. 莫議員曾建議網上平台幫助配對本地IT業界和政府部門所需,對於特首表示明年4月將推出一套支持創新的政府採購政策,並設立【智慧政府創新實驗室】提供配對平台讓本地IT業界了解政府部門需求,提交應用方案及產品建議,莫議員表示歡迎,期望能為初創及中小企業創造商機,希望推出之前諮詢創科初創相關企業和中小企。

  3. 政府首次提到所有部門今年底前將公布首個【年度開放數據計劃】,莫議員期望能增加部門的人手和資源,並定期報告開放數據進度,為社會各界起示範作用。

  4. 《施政綱領》提及【與公共交通營運商探討發放實時交通數據予公眾免費使用】和開發【專線小巴提供實時交通資訊系統】,莫議員認為政府應向港鐵和專營巴士公司開放數據的工作提出更具體的要求和時間表。

  5. 5G發展:政府明年將【提供4,500兆赫的新頻譜】作5G服務,並會主動【開放1,000個政府場所及天台安裝基站】。莫議員希望政府加快拍賣頻譜的程序、物色更多可用作5G服務的頻段和加快審批安裝基站的程序。

創新及科技業GDP佔比僅由2008年0.6%略增至2016年0.7%,2016年創科產業的就業人數未達總就業人數1%。莫議員表示:『政府過去數年大灑接近一千億公帑推動創科,但缺乏KPI量度效益,政府需提高透明度,確保公帑用得其所。』

科企國際化支援不足:面對中美貿易戰的複雜經濟環境,莫議員認為政府應該幫助香港中小企走向世界,不只是繼續鼓勵企業到粵港澳大灣區發展。香港對大灣區的價值在於國際地位,莫議員促請政府支援香港及大灣區企業向全球市場拓展,在建議書曾經建議在美國矽谷等創新樞紐設立基地,幫助香港的初創科企和中小企與外地投資者和業界合作。

莫乃光議員最後總結表示,檢討阻礙創新及科技發展的過時法例「拆牆鬆綁」的進度最慢,與執行部門目前的工作並不協調,希望創新辦能加強統籌和儘快提出須檢討的範圍作公眾諮詢。此外,林鄭月娥曾表示支持落實《資訊自由法》,今年施政報告只提及《檔案法》將在今年底諮詢,《資訊自由法》則與去年一樣全無提及,至今無回應研究進度及立法時間表,一直拖延。

他表示將繼續在議會內外,與業界共同爭取在財政預算案納入更多推動創新科技發展所需措施。





Charles Mok’s response to the 2018 Policy Address

(10 October 2018, Hong Kong) Chief Executive Carrie Lam today released her second Policy Address and announced that a $28-billion funding will be provided for I&T development. In response to the 2018 Policy Address, IT Legislative Councillor Charles Mok pointed out that the government continues to set out more funds but the progress of the 8 major areas of I&T development issued in last year’s Policy Address is still slow. He was concerned that the money-driven initiatives benefited more on long term R&D and re-industrialisation but little on front-line tech workers and ICT companies.

The 2018 Policy Address has adopted some of the proposals raised by Mr Mok. In particular, new initiatives were released to foster the development of Smart City and open data, and reform the government IT procurement policy. However, it was disappointing that no new policies were issued on tech talent nurturing, STEM education and review of outdated regulations.

In the past year, the government has announced new measures to boost R&D spending, attract foreign tech talents, and provide support to tech SMEs and startups. This year, apart from the additional $500-million funding to intensify the use of technology within the government and a new “City I&T Grand Challenge” programme, there was a lack of practical measures to support the digital transformation of Hong Kong. Mr Mok hoped the upcoming Budget will address the inadequacy in this area.

Comments on the proposals adopted for Smart City development and I&T application in this year’s Policy Address:

  1. A new programme of “City I&T Grand Challenge” to invite different sectors to provide technology-based solutions on livelihood issues. Mr Mok believed it will encourage the society and ICT sector to involve in policy-making but the vetting should be made transparent and fair.

  2. Mr Mok has called on the government to build an online platform in a bid to match the people and companies for the government’s digital projects. The 2018 Policy Address announced that a pro-innovation government procurement policy will be released in April next year and a Smart Government Innovation Lab will be established to co-ordinate and facilitate the promotion of Smart Government, including inviting the industry to submit proposals for IT application and product suggestions for various public services. Mr Mok welcomed the new policies but hoped the government will consult tech startups and SMEs on the new measures.

  3. All government departments will draw up and publish annual open data plans by the end of this year. Mr Mok called for more resources and manpower to support the initiative and the government should regularly issue progress report on open data.

  4. Real-time transport data: Apart from calling on the public transport operators to open up real-time operational data for public consumption free of charge, this year’s Policy Address also included support to develop a data collection system and mobile application for green minibuses for providing real-time arrival information of green minibus routes. Mr Mok urged the government to request the MTRC and bus companies to issue timetable on the release of real-time transport data.

  5. 5G development: Radio spectrum with a total of 4,500 MHz in various frequency bands for assignment to mobile service operators will be released next year and the government will proactively open up appropriate government premises for the installation of 5G base stations by mobile service operators. Mr Mok urged the government to expedite the spectrum auction and also to facilitate the vetting process of 5G base station installation by mobile service operators.

The innovation and technology industries are still accounting for only 0.7% of Gross Domestic Product (“GDP”) in 2016, with an increase of merely 0.1% from that of 2008. The employment under I&T industries is still accounting for less than 1% of the total number of employees. “The government has poured almost 100 billion dollars towards innovation and technologies over the past few years, yet we don’t see the concrete KPIs that measure the success or effectiveness of these new initiatives. The government should improve the transparency over the KPIs, and let the public know how well those money is being spent”, said Charles Mok.

Charles Mok also expressed concerns over the lack of support for internationalisation of Hong Kong’s technology sector. Facing unpredictable and complicated economic situations amidst the trade war between China and the United States, the Hong Kong government should support local SMEs to go global rather than only to focus on the Greater Bay Area. Since Hong Kong’s value towards the GBA is precisely its international status, Mr Mok urged the government to provide more policy support for enterprises to expand its market outreach globally. In his policy proposal, Mr Mok suggested establishing an innovation center at regions such as the Silicon Valley and other innovative economies, to strengthen the ties between Hong Kong technology sector and its counterparts & investors in other innovative hubs of the world.

To conclude, Charles Mok pointed out that the work of reviewing outdated laws that are hindering the adoption and development of I&T is seriously lagging behind, and the work of departments are often towards the opposite. He urged the PICO to strengthen its collaboration with the I&T sector and issue the scope of regulatory review as soon as possible for public consultation.

Charles Mok seeked to continue his advocacy together with the ICT industry to call for more policies and resources that will support the growth of innovation and technology sector in the upcoming Budget next January.




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莫乃光立法會議員(資訊科技界) 辦事處 
地址:香港中區立法會道1號立法會綜合大樓917室
電話: (852) 2352 3129

Office of the Hon Charles Mok, Legislative Councillor (IT)
Address: Room 917, Legislative Council Complex, 1 Legislative Council Road,
Central, Hong Kong
Phone: (852) 2352 3129

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Office Of Hon. Charles Mok, Legislative Councillor (IT)